Electronic commerce or e-commerce refers to the buying and selling of goods and services via the Internet. Large scale e-commerce began in 1991 when the Internet became available to the general public. By 2021, this multi-trillion industry will account for almost 18 % of all retail trade in the world. In turn, e-commerce logistics is responsible for shipping, processing and delivering goods ordered online to the doorsteps of merchants and end consumers.
Cross-border e-commerce created new opportunities for the entire supply chain, particularly airlines, freight forwarders, handling companies, and traditional national postal services. It also gave birth to an entirely new breed of company which provides end-to-end delivery options for packets and parcels to virtually any place on earth.